Saudi Tanzanian Youth Dialogue Forum

18th -28thJanuary, 2014


Biodiversity Conservation


The Saudi Ministry of Foreign Affairs, under the umbrella of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz's initiative for dialogue among cultures and religions, has initiated the Saudi International Youth Dialogue Forums. These forums provide the platform for Saudi youth to interact with their peers from different countries, while adopting their creative initiatives and solutions under various themes.

The upcoming Saudi Tanzanian Youth Dialogue Forum (STYF) will include a delegation of Saudi Youth who will be visiting Tanzania to learn about and review, with their Tanzanian counterparts, the structural framework of various agencies/organizations or societies and their roles, in addition to the implementation systems of regulatory framework for biodiversity conservation in the two countries. The objective of the forum is to develop initiatives to ensure a more effective conservation practices locally and globally.

There will be dialogue and debate sessions during the visits focusing on existing government and non-government agencies/organizations and societies. The discussion will cover these agencies' structure, objectives, responsibilities, functions, challenges they face, mutual relationships among them as well as between them and other sectors of the society, strengths and weaknesses of these agencies, possible overlapping of responsibilities among theme and conflicts in dealing with common issues related to regulating/legislating biodiversity conservation in both countries.  At the conclusion of the forum, the youth will be presenting a bilateral message to both the King of Saudi Arabia and the President of Tanzania outlining the efficacy of existing agencies and organizations in achieving their objectives, meeting the challenges and difficulties being faced and their relative success in implementing the regulation/legislation to conserve nature. They will also highlight the weaknesses and suggest steps that may be needed for the reorganization and redistribution of functions of agencies to avoid overlapping, conflicts and difficulties, so as to improve and encourage their function and activities.

The Saudi Wildlife Authority (SWA), the leading agency responsible for the conservation and development of wildlife in Saudi Arabia, is supervising the theme and the activities of the forum. The Tanzanian government is to kindly nominate a Tanzanian counterpart agency with responsibilities covering the conservation of biodiversity to coordinate with the Saudi Wildlife Authority in organizing the visits venues and schedule and to supervise the selection of Tanzanian youth with relevant background.


It is proposed that the Saudi delegation stays in Serengeti National Park for most of the duration of the forum with visits to the city of Arusha and other Conservation Areas, in addition to cultural visits.


Biodiversity conservation in Saudi Arabia and Tanzania

Exploitation of natural resources, rapid industrialization, increasing human population as well as pollution have negatively affected natural resources to an alarming extent. This has led to depletion of some primary biodiversity components and deterioration of some forms of the Saudi wildlife and habitats. Therefore, government and non-government agencies and organizations are making serious efforts to regulate and conserve biodiversity and to rehabilitate its natural habitats.

The younger generations need to review the existing structural framework in both countries, relative functioning, constrains, and mutual relationships of various government and non-government organizations in implementing the regulations and policies for conservation, so that the youth can put forward their critical comments for improvement and encouragement of the system to ensure a more effective environmental conservation.


Regulatory Framework for Biodiversity Conservation

The main theme of the forum highlights "structure and implementation of the regulatory framework for biodiversity conservation". The existing Saudi government institutions and non-government organizations/societies dealing with nature conservation issues should be observed and debated in this forum in comparison to similar situations in Tanzania.  Youth may come up with ideas pointing out any weaknesses in existing conservation implementation infrastructures and may suggest if there is a need to reorganize the structure and handling mechanism of these agencies/organizations along with measures for a more coordinated and effective implementation of regulations/legislations for conserving the environment.


Biodiversity Conservation

Biodiversity means the variety of life on Earth. It embraces all living things including all species of plants, animals, and microorganisms. It also includes the massive diversity of genes in these species and the different ecosystems on Earth.

The UN Convention on Biodiversity define biodiversity to mean "the variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of ecosystems".

Biodiversity is important for maintaining life-sustaining systems of the biosphere and for evolution. There is intrinsic value for biological diversity as well as ecological, genetic, social, economic, scientific, educational, cultural, recreational and aesthetic values of biological diversity and its components; including species and habitats. The Convention on Biodiversity, consists of 193 Parties (Countries or group of countries), including Saudi Arabia and Tanzania, stated that "at least 40 per cent of the world's economy and 80 per cent of the needs of the poor are derived from biological resources".


Protected Areas for Biodiversity Conservation

Protected areas (PA) are one of the most important mechanisms for protecting, managing and sustainably utilizing natural resources, particularly wildlife and habitats.

The definition of Protected Areas as agreed to by the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, (IUCN), is: "A clearly defined geographical space, recognized, dedicated and managed, through legal or other effective means, to achieve the long-term conservation of nature with associated ecosystem services and cultural values". 

The tables below list a number of topics across these issues to be considered for discussion during the upcoming official Saudi Delegation (Saudi Youth Forum) when visiting Tanzania.  


Forum Theme

        Theme Discussion Points
Biodiversity conservation
  • Discuss the main features of Saudi Arabian biodiversity regulatory infrastructure (framework) and compare it with the Tanzanian biodiversity.
  • Did the governments of both countries develop policies, strategies and provide clear guidelines for the conservation of biodiversity and, if so, what are they?
  • Critically discuss the regulatory efforts being implemented by both countries through organizations to ensure the successful implementation of conservation policies for biodiversity.
  • What are the strengths, weaknesses, success and failures of these efforts being implemented in biodiversity conservation across the Kingdom and in Tanzania?
Government organizations
    • Identify the government organizations/agencies handling the regulations for biodiversity conservation.
    • Discuss the existing government organizations implementing conservation of biodiversity policy in Saudi Arabia and Tanzania, focusing on their structure, objectives, responsibilities, functions, mutual relationship, roles, challenges and weaknesses.
    • Possible overlapping of responsibilities among these organizations/ agencies with other such agencies or societies and any conflicts in regulating/legislating biodiversity conservation in both countries. 
    • To what extent the government organizations are effective and successful to implement regulatory policies and the concept of conservation?
    • What are the steps that might be needed for the reorganization and redistribution of functions of agencies to avoid overlapping, conflicts and difficulties to improve and encourage their function and activities.
Non-Government Organizations
    • Compare the NGOs/societies that are currently contribute to regulating the biodiversity conservation in the Kingdom and Tanzania?
    • Discuss the existing NGOs/societies for the regulation of biodiversity conservation in Saudi Arabia and Tanzania, their structure, objectives, responsibilities, functions, roles, mutual relationship, responsibilities, achievements, challenges they face and weaknesses.
    • Why we could not develop enough number of clubs and societies for nature and environment conservation compared to the other parts of the world and what should be done to encourage such NGOs and societies?
    • Compared to Tanzania, what difference we find in Saudi NGOs for regulating biodiversity conservation?
    • Does the NGOs support the nature, biodiversity conservation in our schools, universities, societies or through media?
    • Are there any training programs for the public in general on how to conserve biodiversity? If so, are they enough?
    • To what extent did Saudi and Tanzanian societies preserve their natural wealth, resources and environment?
    • What are the suggested measures to enhance NGOs and societies for increased public involvement?
People to people cultural Relations and Promotion of biodiversity conservation
    • The importance of exchange of knowledge and culture through learning from the experience of both countries in nature conservation.
    • Outline of the ideas of establishing contacts for further discussions for future support and promotion of conservation between the two countries.
    • Effectiveness of workshops, forums and conferences of promoting biodiversity conservation.

The aims of protected areas.  



Main purposes for establishing Protected Areas.





    • The role of protected areas in biodiversity conservation;
    • The sustainable use of natural resources;
    • The preservation of ecosystem services; and
    • The integration with broader social development processes. 

    • How is the PA system in Tanzania focused to achieve biological diversity?
    • What is the role of PAs in maintaining ecological processes required for life on earth,
    • Identify the role of PAs as scientific standards to evaluate environmental change.
    • Observe the activities of PAs in Tanzania and their capability to manage to balance between biodiversity conservation and development,
    • Explore how PAs provide economic and health benefits and maintain natural beauty,   
    • Observe how PAs provide ecosystem services with direct benefit to people,

The role of local communities in  managing protected areas:
Conventional Protected Area Practices:
1. The formal conservation movement, in the last century;

2. New Understanding for Protected Areas. How is it applied in Tanzania?






    • Review the formal approach of centralized bureaucracy towards local communities.
    •  Discuss the impacts on the livelihood of the local communities.
    • Discuss any possible conflict between local communities and PA managers.
    • Discuss how sustainable were the formal conservation practices.  

    • To what extent does the new approach of protected areas governance include local communities in Tanzania and how?
    • How will the new understanding take shape while considering new landscapes and seascapes?
    • Are protected areas in Tanzania linked to the goals addressing poverty and livelihood security?
    • Is the new protected areas system enhancing the generation of conservation-related benefits to the local people? 
Multilateral Relations and Promotion of Wildlife Conservation
    •  The importance of exchange of knowledge through learning from the experience of both countries
    • Establishing a joint team to discuss future collaboration to support and   promote wildlife conservation
    • Enhancing the twinning of protected areas in both countries
    • Effectiveness of workshops, forums and conferences in promoting wildlife conservation
    • Prompting the implementation of biodiversity related Conventions in both Countries such as CBD, CITES and CMS. 







Forum Program


Function Time
Saturday 18th January
Departure from Riyadh to Arusha12:00
Arrival at Arusha16:30
Arrival at Hotel18:00
Dinner (venue to be determined) 20:00
Sunday 19th January
Breakfast & Meeting (Saudi delegation)08:00 – 09:00
Trip to Mount Kilimanjaro 09:00 – 11:00
Visit Mount Kilimanjaro 11:00 – 16:00
Trip to Hotel 16:00 – 18:00
Rest at hotel18:00 – 20:00
Dinner at hotel 20:00 – 21:00
Monday 20th January
Breakfast & Meeting (Saudi delegation)9:00 –10:00
Opening Ceremony 10:00 –12:00
Opening Ceremony Lunch 12:00 –13:00
Back to hotel & rest13:00 –15:00
Dialogue between Saudi & Tanzanian youth -1-15:00 –17:00
Saudi delegation Meeting17:00 –19:00
Dinner (Saudi Delegation, venue to be determined)19:00 – 20:30
Tuesday 21st January 
Breakfast & Meeting (Saudi delegation)08:00 – 09:00
Travel to Tanzania Nation Parks Authorities (TANAPA)09:00 – 09:30
Tanzania National Parks Authorities (TANAPA) (presentation, Q&A)09:30 – 11:00
Dialogue between Saudi & Tanzanian youth- 2 (Lush Garden)11:00 – 13:00
Lunch13:00 – 14:00
Dialogue between Saudi & Tanzanian youth- 3 (Lush Garden)14:00 – 16:00
Back to hotel & rest16:30 – 18:00
Dinner (Saudi delegation) 19:00 – 20:00
Wednesday 22nd January
Breakfast & Meeting (Saudi delegation)08:00 – 09:00
Travel to Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute (TAWIRI)  09:00 – 09:30                    
Tanzania Wildlife Research Institute  (TAWIRI) (presentation, Q&A)09:30 – 11:00
Travel to Arusha national Park (lunch at the park)11:00 –12:00
Arusha national Park (lunch at the park)12:00– 17:00
Back to hotel17:00 – 18:00
Rest at hotel18:00 – 20:00
Dinner (Saudi Delegation, venue to be determined)20:00 – 21:00
Thursday 23rd January
Breakfast & Meeting (Saudi delegation)08:00 –  09:00
Travel to College of African Wildlife Management, Mweka (CAWM) 09:00 – 11:00
College of African Wildlife Management, Mweka (CAWM) (presentation, Q&A)11:00 – 13:00
Lunch at CAMW, Mweka13:00 – 14:00
Dialogue between Saudi & Tanzanian youth  -3- (CAWM)14:00 – 16:00
Trip to Hotel 16:00 – 18:00
Rest at hotel18:00 – 20:00
Dinner at Hotel  (Saudi delegation) 20:00 – 21:00
Friday 24th January
Breakfast & Meeting (Saudi delegation)08:00 – 09:00
Travel to Airstrip (Arusha Airport)09:00 – 09:30
Travel to Serengeti09:30 – 10:30
Trip to Serengeti National Park HQ10:30 – 11:00
Visit to Serengeti National Park HQ (presentation, Q&A, and tour)11:30 – 13:00
Trip to hotel13:00 – 13:30
Check-in hotel & Lunch13:30 – 15:30
Game tour at Serengeti National Park15:30 – 17:30
Back to hotel & rest18:00 – 19:00
Dinner at hotel19:00 – 20:00
Saturday 25th January
Breakfast and meeting 6:00 – 7:00
Game drive at Serengeti National Park07:00 – 10:00
Back to hotel & Rest10:00 – 12:00
TANAPA Presentation at Hotel 12:00 – 13:00
Visit to Serengeti National Park HQ (presentation, Q&A)10:30 – 12:00
Bush lunch at Seranera12:30 – 14:00
Travel to research project - IKONA 14:00 – 14:45
Visit research project - IKONA14:45 – 15:15
Back to hotel & Rest15:15 – 16:00
Dinner at hotel 19:00 – 20:00
Sunday 26th January
Breakfast at hotel and check out from hotel08:00 – 09:00
Travel to Ngorongoro Crater09:00 – 12:00
Tour around Ngorongoro Crater12:00 – 14:00
Lunch14:00 – 15:00
Visit Maasai village15:00 – 16:30
Travel to Manyara Airstrip16:00 – 17:30
Travel to Arusha17:30 – 18:30
Back to hotel & Dinner (Saudi delegation)19:00 – 20:00
Monday 27th January
Breakfast & Meeting (Saudi delegation)08:00 – 09:00
Dialogue between Saudi & Tanzanian youth and letters finalization -5-09:00 – 13:00
Lunch at hotel13:00 – 14:00
Letter rehearsal14:00 – 17:00
Rest at hotel17:00 – 18:30
Dinner at Hotel (Saudi Delegation)18:30 – 20:30
Tuesday 28th January
Breakfast & Meeting (Saudi delegation)08:00 – 09:00
Travel to Closing Ceremony venue09:30 – 10:00
Closing Ceremony hosted by TANAPA 10:30 – 12:30
Closing Ceremony Lunch (TANAPA)12:30 – 13:30
Travel to Hotel 13:30 – 13:45
Rest at hotel13:45 – 14:15
Travel to shopping area14:15 – 14:30
Shopping 14:30 – 16:30
Travel to restaurant16:30 – 17:30
Dinner (Saudi delegation)  17:30 – 21:00
Wednesday 29th January
Breakfast & Meeting (Saudi delegation)08:00 – 09:00
Trip to Airport09:30 – 11:00
Flight to Saudi Arabia 12:00