kingdom of Saudi arabia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Eye on The Kingdom Saudi Government SaudiLeadership The Custodian of the two Holy Mosques king Abdullah bin Abdulaziz The Custodian of the two Holy Mosques king Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Last updated: 7/16/2012 12:32 PM Page Image Image Caption Page Content Biography of King Abdullah His Royal Highness King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud (1343H-1924G) The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques. Ancestry: Abdullah bin Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman bin Faisal bin Turki bin Abdullah bin Mohammed bin Saud bin Mohammed bin Miqren Murkhan bin Ibrahim bin Mousa bin Rabi'a bin Mane' bin Rabi'a Almureedy, their lineage goes back to Bakr bin Wael of Bani Asad bin Rabi'a. His Birth and Early Life: As a Prince, King Abdullah was born in Riyadh, and brought up under his father King Abdulaziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud, Founder of the modern third Saudi Kingdom. Prince Abdullah developed a profound respect for religion and was influenced by his father. So, he started his early life with a sense of responsibility towards his nation and citizens. Prince Abdullah bin Abdulaziz benefited from the experience of his father in the fields of governance, politics, administration and leadership. King Abdullah received his education at the hands of some teachers and Ulama'. His education was Islamic, which was called "Kuttab", Ulama' lessons, Mosque courses and other schools. His highness was influenced by the personality of his teachers the Ulama', Thinkers and Sheikhs who helped in developing his readiness by instructions and education. Prince Abdullah has wide readings in many aspects of knowledge, culture and civilization. Through these readings, he gained knowledge in many cultural, political and economic fields. He regularly met with Ulama "scholars" in order to exchange views with them. He meets with Saudi citizens in every ceremony to review their circumstances, needs and problems. In 1384H-1964, Prince Abdullah was selected by King Faisal bin Abdulaziz to command the National Guard, which comprises descendents of Mujahedeen who served King Abdulaziz and contributed to building the modern Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, especially in unifying the Kingdom. The National Guard also includes sons of Bedouin who inherited the military courage from one generation to another because of the nature of their life that goes deep in the history of the Arabian Peninsula. The nomination of Prince Abdullah as a Commander of the National Guard was in harmony with his extensive experience of Bedouin and tribes affairs and with his nature as a knight who was raised, since his early childhood on all genuine Arabian Peninsula. The selection of his Highness to assume the responsibility of this modernized military institution was a considerable turning point. Within a few years, his Highness expressed his natural command talents. He proved a remarkable ability in developing the National Guard into a military, cultural and social institution. He reshaped the National Guard in accordance with the modern military styles and established military and technical schools to train the National Guard members. He also found the military school which later became King Khalid Military Academy. In addition, he built military compounds with hospitals for the National Guard staff and developed the field hospitals. He has always been the close leader to his men; he followed up their needs in terms of training and welfare, so that they could be able to meet their national duty. While maintaining leadership of the National Guard, He was appointed Second Deputy Prime Minister in 1975 when Prince Khalid became King. When Prince Fahd came to the throne in 1982, he was named Crown Prince and First Deputy Prime Minister on Sunday 21st Sha'ban 1402H " June 13th 1982". He has invaluable experience not only in dealing with the internal affairs of the Kingdom, but also in the role he has been playing on the wide arena of international affairs. He has deeply rooted friendship with most of world leaders. The policy of Saudi Arabia aims at supporting Arab and Islamic solidarity and reinforcing existing fraternal bonds between Arab States within the framework of the Arab League. Furthermore, it aims at reinforcing solidarity bonds between Islamic States and their people within the framework of Islamic Conference Organization. In this context, His Majesty visited Arab and Islamic States and attended a number of conferences. The kingdom of Saudi Arabia has a great position in the United Nations, and in the nonaligned nations and other International Organizations. The Kingdom has also an effective role in money affairs between south and north countries. In this context, Prince Abdullah assumed his responsibilities and visited many countries in the world. King Abdullah was very keen to link modernity with old traditions as well as to find out profound links between the past and the present. So, he established an annual cultural festival (Janaderiah), which is attended by authors and intellectuals from the Arab World and else where. King Abdullah has great interest in horsemanship. He founded the Equestrian Club in Riyadh to encourage this genuine kind of sports. He has long hands in good deeds, human benevolence and in helping scientists and scholars. So, he has established King Abdulaziz Library in Casablanca, Morocco and King Abdulaziz Library in Riyadh.