kingdom of Saudi arabia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Eye on The Kingdom Kings of Saudi Arabia King Abdullah Bin AbulAziz King Abdullah Bin AbulAziz Last updated: 1/27/2015 2:52 PM Page Image Image Caption Page ContentKing Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Ascended the Throne on Monday 26.06.1426 A.H. corresponding to 01.08.2005 A.D.Birth:The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz was born in Riyadh in 1343 A.H – 1924A.D. His father is the Founder of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia His Majesty King Abdulaziz bin Abdulrahman Al Saud.Education: King Abdullah learned a lot from the school of his father and first teacher King Abdulaziz. He benefited from his experiences in politics, leadership and management. He also benefited from the company of senior scholars and intellectuals who worked on improving his capabilities by guidance and teaching in his childhood, which made him keen on regularly meeting scholars and intellectuals from inside and outside the Kingdom.Major Responsibilities: In 1383 A.H. – 1962 A.D, Prince Abdullah became the Chief of National Guards, which back then upon its establishment included the sons of those who helped and contributed with their Leader King Abdulaziz to unifying and building the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. In 1395 A.H. – 1975 A.D, HRH became the Second Deputy Premier and Chief of National Guards.On Sunday 21.08.1402 A.H corresponding to 13.06.1982 A.D, the Royal Family, Scholars and people of Saudi Arabia pledged allegiance to Prince Abdullah and he became the Crown Prince and Deputy Premier in addition to the Chief of National Guards.King Abdullah paid special attention to culture and education. Accordingly, came the establishment of King Abdulaziz Public Library in Riyadh as well as the establishment of another one in Casablanca in Morocco. He also established the National Festival for Culture and Heritage which is held annually in Al-Janadriyah and attracts scholars, writers, poets and intellectuals from around the world. Major Achievements: Since King Abdullah ascended the throne in 26.06.1426 A.H, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia witnessed many developmental achievements across the country in different sectors; economic, education, health, social services, transportation, industry, electricity, water and agriculture, which together constitute great and comprehensive achievements in countries development, thereby setting a new record on world map of developed countries.Other great achievement is the doubling in the number of universities in the Kingdom from eight universities to more than twenty, in addition to the establishment of colleges and technical and health institutes. Also, the establishment of King Abdullah's University for Technology and science, as well as a number of economic cities including: King Abdullah's Economic City in Rabegh, Prince Abdulaziz bin Musa'ad Economic City in Hail, Jazan's Economic City, Economic Knowledge City in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, and King Abdullah's Financial Center in Riyadh. Education Sector: The education process witnessed huge improvements, a great amount of the Kingdom's revenues was directed to the improvement and development of education. The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques is keen on constantly improving education and planning the process of development. The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is currently witnessing a comprehensive educational renaissance, most remarkably the establishment of twenty one public universities and four private one distributed geographically to cover the needs of the Kingdom. Furthermore, and in line with the directives of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, several institutes and centers for nanotechnology research were established. The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques' patronage and presidency of King Abdulaziz and His Companions for Giftedness and Creativity represent a new era for education in our country, and is a natural response to the qualitative transformation in the field of educational programs improvement. In the same Context, in 1428 A.H, the Royal Court approved King Abdulla's Project for the Development of Education, which is considered a significant step in the educational process in Saudi Arabia. The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques launched his initiative to allocate the amount of 300 million dollars to be the nucleus of a program for funding scientific research related to energy, environment and climate change. Pilgrims Services: The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques is keen on completing different projects that help facilitate services for pilgrims and ease the performance of their rituals. That includes the elimination of congestion problems around Aljamarat bridge, in addition to the completion of the extensions of intersections and bridges that will facilitate the flow of traffic to and from Mina. In this context, on 26.12.1428 A.H, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques approved the implementation of the Holy Mosque Expansion Project, which will add 300,000 meters and thereby will double the capacity of the Holy Mosque. Civilizational and Cultural Progress: King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz is always keen on permanently enacting regulations and building state of institutions and information in various fields with the expansion in applications . In this sense, a system of governance rotation was completed by issuing the Allegiance Commission and its executive acts. The formation of the Allegiance Commission judicial system was updated . Seven billion riyals were dedicated to developing the judicial system and a number of government bodies, departments and NGOs was also created, which see to the citizens affairs and interests, including (the National Anti-Corruption Committee ) and (the General Housing Authority). A major unit in the Ministry of Trade and Industry has been established as an agency that deals with consumer affairs. Municipal councils started to exercise their local responsibilities. A number of civil society institutions increased and began contributing to the input decisions in social and economic affairs. Human Rights Commission was established along with its organizations and board of directors. A non-governmental organization was founded under the name of Consumer Protection Association and Food and Drug Authority. King Abdulaziz Center for National Dialogue has played a significant role in promoting the principal of dialogue in our society as well as forming common understanding of how to view the challenges facing the society and how to tackle them. In the area of dialogue among followers of religions, cultures and civilizations, renounce clash between them and the convergence of views, King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud, in more than one occasion, called for the promotion of dialogue between the followers of religions and different cultures and civilizations and the need to raise knowledge of others history and values and to establish relationships based on mutual respect and the recognition of cultural diversity and to invest human commons for the benefit of the peoples. In appreciation to the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz efforts in promoting communication and dialogue among civilizations, cultures and compatibility in concepts, an international prize for translation was launched as King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz International Translation award, believing that Renaissance scientific, intellectual and cultural growth based on mutual translation movement between languages as a loyal transmitter of Science and the experiences of nations and peoples, in addition to promote cultural awareness and to establish scientific links between human societies. And to root a legitimate concept of Islamic dialogue among followers of religions and different cultures and civilizations around the world, in the 30th of May 1429, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, sponsored the opening ceremony of the Islamic International Dialogue e Conference organized by the Muslim World League in Al Safa Palace in Mecca. Participants at the conference gave recommendation to create King Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz International Center for communication between civilizations in order to promote a culture of dialogue, training and development of skills according to scientific basis and a prize under the name of King Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz International Prize for dialogue of civilization awarded to personalities and world institutions that contribute to the development of dialogue and achieve its objectives. Economic development:In the economic field, the directions of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz towards comprehensive economic reform and to intensify efforts to improve the business environment in the country and launch a comprehensive program to solve the difficulties faced by domestic along with foreign investment in cooperation with all relevant government agencies succeeded to get Saudi Arabia an award by the World Bank in recognition of the rapid growth achieved recently in the area of economic reform and joining the list of the top ten countries conducted economic reforms which in return reflected positively on their classification in business performance report issued by the World Bank. Then the Kingdom was ranked the best investment environment in the Arab world and the Middle East's number 23 out of 178 countries. In this context, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques said in his speech at the opening of the fourth year work of the fourth session of the Consultative Council on 7 March 1429 March 15, 2008 "in the economic field, we worked on improving and developing existing infrastructure, new projects in different sectors were launched in a way that assure balanced investigation between regions of the Kingdom, and higher rates of economic growth and increase employment opportunities. " In November 2007, upon the invitation of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, the Kingdom hosted the Third Summit of Heads of State and Government states OPEC members in Riyadh, which was issued by the Riyadh Declaration, it focused on the role of OPEC and its contribution to the stability of the global energy market and global prosperity.The clarity and transparency of the policy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia:In the field of politics, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has always committed to the policy she followed since the era of the founder King Abdulaziz Al Saud. Policy of moderation, wisdom and foresight at all levels including the international level, where the Kingdom exerts al efforts to protect Muslims' interests and causes on the biases of established and enforced international relations among countries, which is the Islamic law.Saudi policy was and continue to reflect clear, honest and transparent path committed to the issues of the Arab nation, its affairs, problems and common interests. Foremost the Palestinian cause and to retrieve Al Aqsa mosque. The Kingdom works towards the common interests while adhering to the charter of the Arab league, seeking to root solidarity among Arab nation.In this context, the Custodian of The Two Holy Mosque King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz (when he was a crown prince), envisioned a fair and comprehensive settlement for the Palestinian cause. A settlement of 8 principles known as "Prince Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz Project" which was presented to the Arab summit in Beirut in 2002. These proposals have received international and regional acceptance and were adopted and confirmed by the summit, and the subsequent Arab summits then became the Arab Peace Initiative.King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz suggested during the 7th International Energy Forum held in Riyadh in 2000, the establishment of a secretariat for the international energy forum and for it to be based in the city of Riyadh. Then it was decided at the 8th International Energy Forum held in Osaka, Japan to establish the secretariat in Riyadh on 17th of Shawal 1426. King Abdullah also suggested that a global counter-terrorism center to be established during the International Counter-terrorism Conference that was held in the city of Riyadh in February of 2005. The conference was sponsored by the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques and over 50 Arab, Islamic and international countries and organizations participated in this conference. His Death:In the early hours of Friday 3-4-1436 A.H-23-1-2015, the Royal Court Mourn With great sadness, in the name of the Crown Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, all members of the family and the nation mourn the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud as he passed away after he suffered from a disease May Allah bestow on Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz His mercy and forgiveness and rest his soul in peace, and our comfort is in this nation's adherence to its sound religion. May Allah reward him the best of rewards for his work for the sake of Islam, this nation and Muslim.The funeral prayers for the late Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz are decided to be performed after this day, Friday, Asr (afternoon) prayers at Imam Turki bin Abdullah Mosque in Riyadh.