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Statements Of Council 1425

  • Birth:

    Salman was born on 31 December 1935, and he is the 25th son of King Abdulaziz Al-Saud

    The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al-Saud was raised with his brothers in the Royal Palace where he accompanied his father in the official meetings with the kings and rulers of the world. 

     Education:

    Salman received his early education in the Princes' School in the capital city of Riyadh, a school established by Ibn Saud specifically to provide education for his children. He studied religion and modern science.

    King Salman bin Abdulaziz expressed his interest in science from an early age and later, he received na number of honorary academic certificates and awards including:

     - Honorary doctorate, from the Islamic University in Medina.

    - Honorary Doctorate in Literature from of Umm Al Qura University in Makkah.

    - Honorary Doctorate from Milia Islamia University in Delhi in recognition of his humanitarian and charitable commitment to support education may God protect him.

    - Honorary doctorate in law from Waseda University in Japan, in recognition of his outstanding contributions in the Kingdom and the world.

    - "Kent" Medal for Sciences and Humanities, from Berlin-Brandenburg Academy in recognition of his contributions to science.

     Governor of Riyadh:

    Salman was appointed governor of Riyadh Province on 18-April-1955.

    He contributed to the development of Riyadh from a mid-sized town into a major urban metropolis. He served as an important liaison to attract tourism, capital projects and foreign investment to his country.

     Defence Minister:

    On November 2011, Salman was appointed Minister of Defence Which includes land, air and naval forces and air defense.

    In this time, the Ministry of Defence witnessed an inclusive development in the whole sectors of the Ministry in training and arming, he also successfully supervised the largest military exercise in the history of the Saudi armed forces (Saif Abdullah).

     Other positions and contributions:

    - Chairman of the High Commission for the Development of Riyadh.

    - Chairman of the High Commission for the Development of Ad-Diriyah.

    - Presidency of the Council of Trustees of King Fahad National Library.

    - Chairman of the King Abdulaziz Foundation.

    - Secretary General of the King Abdulaziz Islamic Foundation.

    - Honorary President of the Prince Salman Social Center.

    - President of Board of Directors of Riyadh Charitable Foundation for Science, in addition to Prince Sultan University and Prince Salman Science Oasis.

    - Honorary President Board of Directors of the Friends Committee of patients in Riyadh.

    - Chairman of the Board of Trustees of the Abdulaziz bin Baz Charity.

    - Honorary President Board of Directors of the Abdulaziz bin Baz Charity.

    - Chairman of the Board of Directors of Prince Salman Charitable Housing.

    - Chairman of the Charitable Society for Orphans in Riyadh.

     Associations and Organizations led by HRH and was active abroad:

     - Chairman of the Committee to donate to the victims of Suez in 1956.

    - Head of the Main Committee to raise funds for Algeria in 1956.

    - President of the People's Committee to help the families of the martyrs of Jordan in 1967.

    - President of the People's Committee to help the Palestinian people.

    - President of the People's Committee for the Relief of the victims of Pakistan in 1973.

    - President of the People's Committee to support the war effort in Egypt in 1973.

    - President of the People's Committee to support the war effort in Syria in 1973.

    - Chairman of the Committee for the Relief of local victims of the floods in Sudan in 1988.

    - President of the local committee to provide aid and shelter to Kuwaiti nationals following the Iraqi invasion of Kuwait in 1990.

    - President of the local committee to receive donations for those affected by floods in Bangladesh in 1991.

    - President of the High Authority to collect donations for Bosnia and Herzegovina in 1992.

    - Chairman of the exhibition between the Kingdom of yesterday and today and held in a number of Arab and European countries and the United States and Canada during the period in 1985/1992.

    - President of the Supreme Committee to raise funds for Alquds uprising in Riyadh, 2000/1421

     Philanthropy:

    The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Salman has been known for his work and charitable efforts. He is the President of the Assembly of Prince Salman Center for Disability Research, Honorary President of the Assembly of Prince Fahd bin Salman for patients with kidney failure, Honorary President of the Saudi Center for Organ Transplantation and many other associations.

     Since 1956 King Salman took the presidency of the many humanitarian and service committees, which took over the responsibilities of supporting many of the stricken regions around the world. King Salman won many Accolades and Medals for his humanitarian efforts such as: Bahrain, Bosnia and Herzegovina, France, Morocco, Palestine, Philippine, Senegal, United Nations and Yemen.

    Medals and Accolades:

    King Salman Holds King Abdulaziz Scarf of the first layer which is considered the highest decoration in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. He also, won many Medals and Accolades such as:

    - A medal on the occasion of two thousand years after establishing the city of Paris awarded him the medal by President Jacques Chirac in Paris in 1985.

    - A medal of intellectual efficiency, where where he was decorated by the King of Morocco Hassan II in Casablanca in 1989.

    - Award of Disabled Children Association in Saudi Arabia.

    - Golden medal of Bosnia and Herzegovina for his support and his efforts to liberate Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    - The Bosnian medal for Islamic bestowal of the first layer for his effort in supporting Islam and Muslims in Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    - The United Nations shield to reduce the effects of poverty in the world.

    - Alquds Star medal in appreciation to his extraordinary works, which indicate the sacrifice and courage in serving the Palestinian people.

    - Sktona Medal , which is Considered the highest decoration in the Republic of the Philippines.

    - The Greatest and highest medal in the Republic of Senegal.

    - Baden Powell Fellowship by His Majesty the King of Sweden Carl XVI Gustaf.

    - Bahrain award for humanitarian work for the Gulf Cooperation Council.

    - Award of the International Special Olympics in Middle East and North Africa, which is considered one of the highest awards for his efforts in serving disabled people and encouraging scientific research in disability field.

    The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud
  • King Faisal was the third King of Saudi Arabia, reigning from 1964 to 1975.
    In 1925, Faisal, in command of his father's arms, won a decisive victory in the Hijaz. Faisal became viceroy of the Hijaz, thus extending King Abdul Aziz's remit to the west of the peninsula.
    Following the formation of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Faisal was appointed Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1932. Faisal served as Prime Minister under King Saud.
    In 1964, Faisal was named regent and, a few months later in the same year, became king.
    Although a great respecter of tradition, King Faisal proved to be a far-sighted innovator. In the course of his reign, Faisal initiated a number of major economic and social development plans. Under Faisal, the industrial development of the Kingdom began in earnest. In foreign policy, King Faisal showed a resolute commitment to the essential interests of the Arab and Islamic world.
    King Faisal bin Abdul Aziz
  • King Fahd, Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, was the fifth King of Saudi Arabia.
    For a full biography of King Fahd, his life and achievements, click here to go to the King Fahd web site.
    King Fahd has brought to his high office a wide range of experience in a number of key posts. He was appointed the first Saudi Arabian Minister of Education in 1953. He served at that Ministry for five years, laying the foundations for the Kingdom's ambitious and successful educational program. He became Minister of the Interior in 1962, holding this key position for thirteen years - in the course of which he ensured the Ministry could discharge all its functions as efficiently as any such organization in the world. In 1975, when he became Crown Prince, he had, with consummate grasp of the complexities of the task, undertaken the supervision of both the planning and the implementation of the Kingdom's second and subsequent five year plans.
    It has been, however, in the field of international diplomacy, that Fahd bin Abdul Aziz as king has made his greatest contribution. Working tirelessly, he has brought to bear on the intractable problems of the region his own remarkable subtlety of mind combined with great tenacity of purpose to find, whenever possible, peaceful solutions, based on justice. In the pursuit of this goal, he was always ready to deploy the status and the resources of the Kingdom.
    King Fahd died on 1st August, 2005. He was succeeded by Crown Prince Abdullah.
    ​King Fahd bin Abdul Aziz
  •  

     

    King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud Ascended the Throne on Monday 26.06.1426 A.H. corresponding to 01.08.2005 A.D.
     
     

     

    Birth:

     

     
    The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz was born in Riyadh in 1343 A.H – 1924A.D. His father is the Founder of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia His Majesty King Abdulaziz bin Abdulrahman Al Saud.
     

     

     

    Education:
     

     

     

    King Abdullah learned a lot from the school of his father and first teacher King Abdulaziz. He benefited from his experiences in politics, leadership and management. He also benefited from the company of senior scholars and intellectuals who worked on improving his capabilities by guidance and teaching in his childhood, which made him keen on regularly meeting scholars and intellectuals from inside and outside the Kingdom.
     

     

    Major Responsibilities:

     

     
    - In 1383 A.H. – 1962 A.D, Prince Abdullah became the Chief of National Guards, which back then upon its establishment included the sons of those who helped and contributed with their Leader King Abdulaziz to unifying and building the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

     

     

    - In 1395 A.H. – 1975 A.D, HRH became the Second Deputy Premier and Chief of National Guards.

     

     

    - On Sunday 21.08.1402 A.H corresponding to 13.06.1982 A.D, the Royal Family, Scholars and people of Saudi Arabia pledged allegiance to Prince Abdullah and he became the Crown Prince and Deputy Premier in addition to the Chief of National Guards.

     

     

    - King Abdullah paid special attention to culture and education. Accordingly, came the establishment of King Abdulaziz Public Library in Riyadh as well as the establishment of another one in Casablanca in Morocco. He also established the National Festival for Culture and Heritage which is held annually in Al-Janadriyah and attracts scholars, writers, poets and intellectuals from around the world.
     
     

     

     

    Major Achievements:
     

     

     

    Since King Abdullah ascended the throne in 26.06.1426 A.H, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia witnessed many developmental achievements across the country in different sectors; economic, education, health, social services, transportation, industry, electricity, water and agriculture, which together constitute great and comprehensive achievements in countries development, thereby setting a new record on world map of developed countries.
    Other great achievement is the doubling in the number of universities in the Kingdom from eight universities to more than twenty, in addition to the establishment of colleges and technical and health institutes. Also, the establishment of King Abdullah's University for Technology and science, as well as a number of economic cities including: King Abdullah's Economic City in Rabegh, Prince Abdulaziz bin Musa'ad Economic City in Hail, Jazan's Economic City, Economic Knowledge City in Al-Madinah Al-Munawarah, and King Abdullah's Financial Center in Riyadh.
     
     

     

     

     

    Education Sector:
     

     

    The education process witnessed huge improvements, a great amount of the Kingdom's revenues was directed to the improvement and development of education. The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques is keen on constantly improving education and planning the process of development.

     

     
    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is currently witnessing a comprehensive educational renaissance, most remarkably the establishment of twenty one public universities and four private one distributed geographically to cover the needs of the Kingdom. Furthermore, and in line with the directives of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, several institutes and centers for nanotechnology research were established.
     

     

     

    The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques' patronage and presidency of King Abdulaziz and His Companions for Giftedness and Creativity represent a new era for education in our country, and is a natural  response to the qualitative transformation in the field of educational programs improvement. 
     

     

     

    In the same Context, in 1428 A.H, the Royal Court approved King Abdulla's Project for the Development of Education, which is considered a significant step in the educational process in Saudi Arabia.
     

     

     

    The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques launched his initiative to allocate the amount of 300 million dollars to be the nucleus of a program for funding scientific research related to energy, environment and climate change.
     

     

     

    Pilgrims Services:

     

     
    The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques is keen on completing different projects that help facilitate services for pilgrims and ease the performance of their rituals. That includes the elimination of congestion problems around Aljamarat bridge, in addition to the completion of the extensions of intersections and bridges that will facilitate the flow of traffic to and from Mina. In this context, on 26.12.1428 A.H, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques approved the implementation of the Holy Mosque Expansion Project, which will add 300,000 meters and thereby will double the capacity of the Holy Mosque.
     

     

     

     

    Civilizational and Cultural Progress:
     

     

     

    King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz is always keen on permanently enacting regulations and building state of institutions and information in various fields with the expansion in applications . In this sense, a system of governance rotation  was completed by issuing the Allegiance Commission and its executive acts. The formation of the Allegiance Commission judicial system  was updated . Seven billion riyals were dedicated  to developing the judicial system and a number of government bodies, departments and NGOs was also created, which see to the citizens affairs and interests, including (the National Anti-Corruption Committee ) and (the General Housing Authority). A major unit in the Ministry of Trade and Industry has been established as an agency that deals  with consumer affairs.
     

     

     

    Municipal councils started to exercise their local responsibilities. A number of civil society institutions increased and began contributing to the input decisions in social and economic affairs. Human Rights Commission was established  along with its organizations and board of directors. A non-governmental organization was founded under the name of Consumer Protection Association and Food and Drug Authority.
     

     

    King Abdulaziz Center for National Dialogue has played a significant role in promoting the principal of dialogue in our society as well as forming common understanding of how to view the challenges facing the society and how to tackle them.

     

     
    In the area of dialogue among followers of religions, cultures and civilizations, renounce clash between them and the convergence of views, King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz Al Saud, in more than one occasion, called for the promotion of dialogue between the followers of religions and different cultures and civilizations and the need to raise knowledge of others history and  values and to establish relationships based on mutual respect and the recognition of cultural diversity and to invest human commons for the benefit of the peoples.

     

     

     
    In appreciation to the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz efforts in promoting  communication and dialogue among civilizations, cultures and compatibility in concepts, an international prize for translation was launched as King Abdullah bin Abdul Aziz International Translation award,  believing that Renaissance scientific, intellectual and cultural growth  based on mutual translation movement between languages as a loyal  transmitter of Science and the experiences of nations and peoples, in addition  to promote cultural awareness and to establish scientific links between human societies.

     

     

     
    And to root a legitimate concept of Islamic dialogue among followers of religions and different cultures and civilizations around the world, in the 30th of May 1429, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, sponsored the opening ceremony of the Islamic International Dialogue e  Conference organized by the Muslim World League in Al Safa Palace in Mecca.  Participants at the conference gave recommendation to create King Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz International Center for communication between civilizations in order to promote a culture of dialogue, training and development of skills according to scientific basis and a prize under the name of  King Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz International Prize for dialogue of civilization awarded to personalities and world institutions that contribute to the development of dialogue and achieve its objectives.

     

     

     

     
    Economic development:
     

     

     

    In the economic field, the directions of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz towards comprehensive economic reform and to intensify efforts to improve the business environment in the country and launch a comprehensive program to solve the difficulties faced by domestic along with foreign investment in cooperation with all relevant government agencies succeeded to get Saudi Arabia an award by the World Bank in recognition of the rapid growth  achieved recently in the area of economic reform and joining the list of the top ten countries conducted economic reforms which in return  reflected positively on their classification in business performance report issued by the World Bank. Then the Kingdom was ranked the best investment environment in the Arab world and the Middle East's number 23 out of 178 countries. 
     

     

     

    In this context, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques said in his speech at the opening of the fourth year work of the fourth session of the Consultative Council on 7 March 1429 March 15, 2008 "in the economic field, we worked on improving and developing existing  infrastructure, new projects in different sectors were launched in a way that assure balanced investigation between regions of the Kingdom, and higher rates of economic growth and increase employment opportunities. "
     

     

     

    In November 2007,  upon the invitation of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz, the Kingdom hosted the Third Summit of Heads of State and Government states OPEC members in Riyadh, which was issued by the Riyadh Declaration, it focused on the role of OPEC and its contribution to the stability of the global energy market and global prosperity.
     

     

     

    The clarity and transparency of the policy of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia:
     

     

    In the field of politics, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has always committed to the policy she followed since the era of the founder King Abdulaziz Al Saud. Policy of moderation, wisdom and foresight at all levels including the international level, where the Kingdom exerts al  efforts to protect Muslims’ interests and causes on the biases of established and enforced international relations among countries, which is the Islamic law.

     

     
    Saudi policy was and continue to reflect clear, honest  and transparent path committed to the issues of the Arab nation, its affairs, problems and common interests. Foremost the Palestinian cause and to retrieve Al Aqsa mosque. The Kingdom works towards the common interests while adhering to the charter of the Arab league, seeking to root solidarity among Arab nation.
     

     

     

    In this context, the Custodian of The Two Holy Mosque King Abdullah Bin Abdulaziz (when he was a crown prince), envisioned a fair and comprehensive settlement for the Palestinian cause. A settlement  of 8 principles known as “Prince Abdullah Bin Abdul Aziz Project” which was presented to the Arab summit in Beirut in 2002. These proposals have received international and regional acceptance and were adopted and confirmed by the summit, and the subsequent Arab summits then became the Arab Peace Initiative.
     

     

     

    King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz suggested during the 7th International Energy Forum held in Riyadh in 2000, the establishment of a secretariat for the international energy forum and for it to be based in the city of Riyadh. Then it was decided at the 8th International Energy Forum held in Osaka, Japan to establish the secretariat in Riyadh on 17th of Shawal 1426. King Abdullah also suggested that a global counter-terrorism center to be established during the International Counter-terrorism Conference that was held in the city of Riyadh in February of 2005. The conference was sponsored by the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques and over 50 Arab, Islamic and international countries and organizations participated in this conference.

     

     

     

     

     

     

    King Abdullah Bin AbulAziz
  •  
    King Abdul Aziz, founder of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
    King Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud (known as Ibn Saud) was a tall, imposing figure, a natural leader of men. He knew instinctively how to judge men and, as his rule progressed, how best to exploit the natural resources of his country for the benefit of his people. His achievement, the unification of many warring tribes all proud of their own lineage and traditions, laid the foundations for the modern state of Saudi Arabia. His success derived from his faith in Islam and his determination to maintain and build on the traditions of the region. It is the unique combination of faith and respect for tradition, while adapting to the technological developments of modern world, which characterizes the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia today.
    The judgment of Chambers Biographical Dictionary is very much to the point. It simply states that Ibn Saud "was the outstanding Arab ruler of his time.
     
    ​King Abdul Aziz bin Abdul Rahman Al Saud (Ibn Saud)
  • King Khalid was the fourth King of Saudi Arabia, reigning from 1975 to 1982. Khalid succeeded to the throne on the death of King Faisal. Khalid who, like his father was most at home in the desert, assumed his new and heavy responsibilities with dignity. He already had considerable experience of government, having served as Governor of the Hijaz from 1932 to 1934 and as Minister of the Interior (appointed 1934).
    As King, and with Fahd at his side as First Deputy Premier, Khalid achieved much in both domestic and foreign policy, despite a heart condition which would have deterred a less committed individual from such strenuous and stressful activity. Not long after his accession, Khalid launched the second Five Year Plan which set in train much of the infrastructural development on which the future health and prosperity of the Kingdom was to depend. He involved himself in the intractable Lebanese civil war; he convened the historic summit of Arab nations in Taif and the Holy City of Makkah in 1981; and he inaugurated the Gulf Co-operation Council in the same year.
     
    King Khalid bin Abdul Aziz
  • King Saud was the second King of Saudi Arabia, reigning from 1953 to 1964.
    Saud became Crown Prince in 1933 and succeeded to the Saudi throne on the death of his father, King Abdul Aziz (Ibn Saud), in 1953. He established the Council of Ministers and set up the Ministries of Commerce, Education and Health. During his reign, the King Saud University was opened in Riyadh.
     
    King Saud bin Abdul Aziz
  •  

     

    Al Saud Descent:
     
    Alsaud Family originates from the ancient Arab tribe of Banu hanifa, who belonged to Banu Bakr, son of Wa'il which descended from the large Rabi'ah branch of Adnanite tribes,a tribal confederation historically located in the Najd.
     
    Banu hanifa tribe's original lands were in Wadi al-irdh , which later came to bear their name (wadi-hanifa) at the dawn of Islam, though in the pre-islamic era it was known as Wadi Alyamamah.
     
    The House of Al Saud traces its origins back from ancient times in the heart of the Arabian Peninsula. It is linked with a deep history and noble descent.
     
    The First Saudi State [1157 – 1233 AH / 1744 – 1818 AD]
     
     
    In the early 18th century, the Arabian Peninsula was full of chaos, political instability, and weak religious faith because of the spread of fads and myths. Historians described the political and social situation in the Arabian Peninsula in that period as disintegrated and insecured, with lots of rival scattered emirates.
     
    The first Saudi State was established in 1157 AH / 1744 AD  in Al-Dir'iya, its capital, by Imam Muhammad bin Saud when he met Sheikh Mohammed Ibn Abdul Wahab .Together they formed an alliance and agreed on reforming and cleansing the Islamic faith from distortions based on Quran and Sunnah of the prophet Mohammad (peace be upon him), the Messenger of Allah.
     
    The imams of the first Saudi state were able to unify the Arabian Peninsula and develop a new era of stability and security by imposing Islamic Law ( Sharia ) in all aspects of life. As a result of the First Saudi State, a lot of scientists emerged. Also, knowledge ,and scientific and economic aspects prospered.
     
    A lot of institutions and administrative systems were established. The first Saudi State became a state with a great political status as a result of Islamic principles. It has extended its influence to most parts of the Arabian Peninsula . Its rulers followed a balanced policy on the basis of the victory of Islam, community service and advancement of its civilization level .
     
     
    This First Saudi State ended in In 1233 AH / 1818 AD , when Ottoman troops invaded the Arabian Peninsula under the command of Ibrahim, the son of Mohammed Ali Pasha, governor of Egypt.
     
    Ibrahim Pasha besieged Al-Dir'iya after many battles, he Demolished and destroyed most parts of the First Saudi State in the Arabian Peninsula.
     
    The rulers of the first Saudi state are :
     
    Imam Muhammad ibn Saud, (1157 – 1179 AH/ 1744–1765 AD)
    Imam Abdul Aziz ibn Muhammad ibn Saud (1179–1218 AH/ 1765–1803 AD)
    Imam Saud ibn Abdul Aziz ibn Muhammad ibn Saud (1218–1229 AH /1803–1814 AD)
    Abdullah bin Saud (1229–1233 AH/ 1814–1818 AD) 
     
    The Second Saudi State [1240 – 1309 AH / 1824 – 1891 AD]:
     
    Despite the devastation caused by Muhammad Ali's forces, led by Ibrahim Pasha, in the middle of the Arabian Peninsula, the demolition of Diriyah ,and the destruction of many countries ,in addition to the spread of fear, Muhammad Ali's forces could not break the elements of the Saudi state. Residents in urban and rural area’s remained loyal to Al Saud family, who founded the first Saudi state. They continued their appreciation for their treatment and their wise leadership, they also went on supporting the Salafi movement. Less than two years after the end of the first Saudi state, leaders of Al Saud emerged once again to re-establish the Saudi state.
     
     
    The first attempt was in 1235 AH / 1820 AD when Prince Mishari bin Saud tried to re-establish the Saudi rule in Diriyah but lasted only a few months, followed by a successful attempt led by Imam Turki bin Abdullah bin Mohammed bin Saud in 1240 AH / 1824 AD which led to the establishment of the second Saudi state and its capital Riyadh.
    The second Saudi state continued on the same foundations and pillars upon which the first Saudi state was based on, in terms of its reliance on Islam, and deployment of security and stability, and the application of Islamic law(Sharia).
    The administrative and financial systems were similar to those in the first Saudi state, and arts and sciences prospered in the Second Saudi State.
     
    The rulers of the second Saudi state:
     
    Imam Turki bin Abdullah bin mohammed bin Saud :1240 - 1249 AH / 1824 – 1834 AD.
    Imam Faisal bin Turki :     first period: 1250 - 1254 AH / 1834 - 1838 AD.
         Second period: 1259 - 1282 AH / 1843 - 1865 AD.
     
    Imam Abdullah bin Faisal bin Turki: First Period : 1282 - 1288 AH/ 1865 - 1871 AD
    Imam Saud bin Faisal bin Turki : 1288 - 1291 AH / 1871 - 1875 AD
    Imam Abdul Rahman bin Faisal bin Turki : First Period : 1391 - 1393 AH/ 1875 - 1876 AD.
    Imam Abdullah bin Faisal bin Turki: Second Period : 1293 - 1305 AH / 1876 - 1887 AD
    Imam Abdul Rahman bin Faisal bin Turki : Second Period : 1307 - 1309 AH/ 1889 - 1891 AD. 
     
    The Third Saudi State :
     
     
    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia
     
     
    In the 5th of Shawwal 1319 AH / January the 15th, 1902 AD, King AbdulAziz bin AbdulRahman bin Faisal Al Saud managed to recapture Riyadh and return to it with his family. This historic event is a major turning point in the history of the region because it started a modern Saudi state that  managed to unify most of the parts of the Arabian Peninsula ,in addition to the civilizational achievements in the various fields.
     
    In his era ,King abdulaziz had a lot of titles including Imam:
     
    Amir Najd and leader of its tribes 1319 H / 1902 G
    Sultan Najd 1339 AH / 1921 AD
    Sultan Najd and its regions 1340 AH / 1922 AD
    King of Hejaz and Sultan Najd and its regions 1345 AH / 1926 AD
    King of Hejaz and King of Najd and its regions 1345 AH / 1927 AD
    King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia 1351 AH / 1932 AD
     
    On the 17th of Jumada I 1351 AH / September the 19th 1932 AD, a royal decree was issued announcing the unification of the country under the name (The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia), starting from Thursday, the 21st of Jumada I 1351 AH / September the 23rd 1932 AD (the first day of Libra).
     
    With this announcement, King Abdulaziz launched his efforts to unify the country and establish a solid state based on the application of the provisions of Quran and the Sunnah. After that, the first of Libra, corresponding to September the 23rd, was announced to become the National Day of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The Kingdom has become a great nation in its mission, achievements, and its regional and international status.
     
    During the reign of King Abdulaziz ,The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia gained a special international status. It joined many international organizations and conventions, as a result of its major location and Steadiness ,It was also one of the first countries that signed the Charter of the United Nations in 1364 AH (1945 AD).
     
    It also contributed to the establishment of many international organizations aimed at security , stability, and justice, such as the Arab League in 1364 AH (1945 AD)
     
    The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia after King AbdulAziz:
     
    After the death of King AbdulAziz – may he rest in peace – in the second of Rabia AlAwal 1373 AH corresponding  the 9th of November 1953 AD, his sons continued his methods in the construction journey of The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia in accordance to the high principles the Kingdom is based on.
     
    The Kingdom was ruled after King AbdulAziz by his sons:
     
    King Saud Bin AbdulAziz 1373 – 1384 AH ( 1953 – 1964 AD ) 
     
    Saudis pledged allegiance to King Saud in 1373 AH ( 1953 AD ) after the death of his father King Abdulaziz. During King Saud’s period the Kingdom had witnessed the accomplishment of constructions and the development journey in all sectors. King Saud Bin AbdulAziz was keen on making domestic visits to all the regions in order to inspect the country, in addition to the foreign visits to enhance the cooperation with the neighboring and friendly countries. In accordance to King AbdulAziz method, King Saud Bin AbdulAziz continued to focus on Islamic and Arabic issues.
     
    King Faisal Bin AbdulAziz 1384 – 1395 AH ( 1964 – 1975 AD )
     
    Saudis pledged allegiance to King Faisal in 1384 AH ( 1964 AD ) after his brother king Saud had resigned, and continued the construction journey that his father King AbdulAziz and his brother King saud had initiated.
     
    The Kingdom had witnessed many developments in various sectors in King Faisal’s period as The Kingdom became the chairman of international conventions and Islamic and Arabic summits due to its international status and sematic message. King Faisal Bin AbdulAziz was able to face the challenges and the misleading ideologies, and directed the Islamic and Arabic efforts guided by Saudi Arabia which became a primary base in International politics.
     
    King Khaled Bin AbdulAziz 1395 – 1402 AH ( 1975 – 1982 AD )
     
    Saudis pledged allegiance to king Khaled Bin AbdulAziz in 1395 AH ( 1975 AD ) after the martyrdom of King Faisal, pursuing the development and construction journey of the Kingdom. During King Khaled’s years the Kingdom had accomplished major improvements in various areas of development through the use of the urban culture while maintaining the Saudi principles and the Islamic distinguished system. The Kingdom held its high position in Arabic and Islamic politics; due to Saudi Arabia firm leadership and principles, and the embracing of the Muslims beloved two Holy mosques.
     
    King Fahad Bin AbdulAziz ( The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques ) 1402 – 1426 AH ( 1982 – 2005 AD )
     
    In 1402 AH ( 1982 AD )  The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahad Bin AbdulAziz was ascent to the throne, following his father’s method in building the country and society to reach the highest level of civilization. King Fahad’s period had witnessed great civil achievements that reflected the advanced growth of the Kingdom, and the prosperity of the Saudi life while continuing to apply the Islamic constitution,  and also had an interest in the security and education fields. Moreover, The Kingdom has pursued its development in the industrial field as a result to King Fahad’s policies and attention towards the overall development and building the industrial infrastructure in the Kingdom. In King Fahad’s period the largest historic expansion of the two holy mosques took place, along with the Saudi economy and civilianization raising to the highest level. The Saudi foreign policy during King Fahad’s period was known for effectiveness and positiveness, and making the right solutions in major Islamic and Arabic matters.
     
    King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz ( The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques ) 1426 AH / 2005 AD :
     
    On Wednesday 28 of Jumada II 1426 AH  (03/08/2005 AD) , Saudis pledged allegiance to King Abdullah Bin AbdulAziz as the king of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. The custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz supported Islamic solidarity. He has strengthened  brotherly ties between Arab countries, and has had an active role in peacemaking efforts between Arabs. In addition, he has had an active role in global economy , United Nations, Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC), and the Non-Aligned Movement. He is known for his generosity in humanitarian and local charitable deeds. He provided a great support to science and scientists, the development of education, and the establishment of financial, scientific and technical institutions. He also has visited many Arab ,Islamic, and friendly countries in Asia , Europe , the United States and Africa. He attended many Arab and Islamic summits ,and was keen to achieve peace in the Arab region.
     
    His era witnessed many great accomplishments in the field of higher education , public education, justice and health. Not to mention the expansion of the Prophet's Mosque and the expansion of the Grand Mosque and Al-Mataf.
     
    Prince Salman Bin Abdulaziz ( Crown Prince)
     
    The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz had chosen Prince Salman bin Abdulaziz as the crown prince in 1433 AH, in addition to his responsibilities as a defense minister and deputy prime minister. His Royal Highness Prince Salman was known for his passion for  extensive reading in history and culture, and for heritage and his country's history. Along with his outstanding role in development in the Riyadh region, which witnessed a quantum leap during his emirate.
    He also supported the humanitarian activities whether inside or outside the Kingdom, especially with regard to the areas of relief and assistance.
     

     

     

     

     

     

    History of the Kingdom
  • Advance of Balance of Development:

    Since the era of the founder king Abdulaziz – May Allah by merciful to him – the Saudi development advance is characterized with balance, universality, guidance of the Islamic religion instruction and its noble values. The Kingdom was able to achieve the balance between the civil, construction and economic development and maintaining the religious and moral principals. During the building march, the Kingdom has implemented the five development plans successfully where it has achieved swift jumps and a civilized renaissance to reach to the fast progress. Many basic fittings have been implemented like roads, airports, facilities and other services which helped on shortening the effort and time in carrying out the giant project including the successive development plans on which expenditure augmented as well as the increase of the kingdom's income from oil.

    Diversification of the economic base:

    The Kingdom has achieved a remarkable success in the field of building and diversification of the economic base to decrease dependence on oil through the enhancement of its productive capabilities in other sectors. Gross domestic production augmented four times in non-oil productions by an average annual growth of 6%, and the non-oil contributions percentage to the gross domestic production increased from 53% to 67%. Income of Non-oil contributions in comparison to the total government revenues increase from 16% to 22%. This is due to the remarkable growth of Petrochemical exports, which spread in the world markets.

    Advancement of Industrial Construction:

    Building advance of this country is recorded with proud the position of the Kingdom in the industrial field, as the Kingdom's exports of industrial products especially the petrochemicals are marketed in about 139 countries. Furthermore, achievement of self-sufficiency in many industrial products, which were imported from abroad, has been effected. The contribution of the industrial sector in the gross national production is increasing.




    Commerce:

    Of course, this development and industrial growth to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia will be positively reflected on commerce whether it is exports or imports. It is impossible to make any comparison between the commercial movement in the Kingdom on its foundation and today. Commerce has changed from a seasonal limited trade (depending largely on Hajj season for example) into a commerce based on economic stable bases because of the comprehensive development in various industrial, agricultural and human fields. It is noted the growth of exports in the previous twenty-five years from the beginning of the first five years development plan. Whereas the its cost reached during 1390-1391H, 1970G about SR 10,9 Billion, it jumped in 1415H , 1994G TO SR 159,6 Billion. This confirms the fact of changing the Kingdom from an imported country to all its needs to a self-sufficient but it exports the surplus in some goods and products.

    The Kingdom's role in environment protection:

    Kingdom of Saudi Arabia gives a special priority to conserve the environment and its development from the pollution factors, in view of the Islamic religion instructions, which aims and urges at the conservation of environment, not damaging it, benefiting from its resources without extravagance. In compliance with this way, article 33 of the basic rule regulation sets that the country is working to conserve the environment, protecting, developing and prevent its pollution. To achieve the above, the country issued a number of regulations to conserve the environment and the implementation responsibility is authorized to some ministries and concerned governmental departments. The Kingdom also followed a balanced and integrated policy during planning and implementation of the country's natural heritage programmes, to ensure that it will not have an adversely effect on the environment. The Kingdom directed its efforts to protect and grow the natural heritage especially the rare kinds, which are threatened by the extinction of the animals, plants, land and sea birds. In 1986H, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques –May Allah be Merciful to him- issued a Royal decree to establish the national organization for protection and development of the natural life. His Royal Highness Prince Sultan Ben Abdulaziz, Deputy Premier, Minister of defense and aviation and the general inspector, chairs its Board of Directors. Since its foundation, the organization is doing its best to implement the best regulation and the most effective to deal with the deterioration of the natural environmental system and to ensure the protection of life diversification on the national and international level.

    Food Security:

    During the advance of building, integration and growth The Kingdom has achieved important steps in the field of food security and self sufficiency in the main agricultural crops, especially the wheat, dates, products of dairies and chickens. The surplus is exported abroad.

    Water Resources:

    Regarding the development of water resources in the Kingdom, many dams were built in the different districts of the Kingdom to store the rainwater; its storage capacity is about 775 Million cubic meters. The Kingdom has directed its efforts towards the desalination plants to meet the daily needs of drinking water. It has built many desalination plants on the coat of Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf in addition to feeding of more than 40 cities and villages with electricity.

    Loan Funds:

    The loan funds, established by the government to make available the cash liquidity to the citizens, have achieved an increasing growth in pushing the development wheel in various fields. Loan funds recorded high figures and contributed in finance of many industrial and agricultural projects, in addition to the public investment loans and loans of the Saudi lending bank to the citizens and its achievements in pushing the development of citizens' resources. They are outstanding stations on the road of building, development and the comprehensive civil renaissance which launched with the unification advance of the founder leader King Abdulaziz Ben Abdulrahman Al Saud – May Allah be Merciful to him- . He has laid the bases, rules and objectives aiming at the progress of the country and the citizen, in an atmosphere of security, welfare and stability till Kingdom of Saudi Arabia reached to a high international rank among the big countries.

    From this point, Saudi Arabian Airlines is progressing as being one of this integrated unity which is full of accomplishments increasing and growing year after year. This proves its eligibility and position among the international air companies, under the auspicious of our prosperous leader, the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Abdullah Ben Abdulaziz and the crown prince His Royal Highness Prince Sultan Ben Abdulaziz.


    Distinguishing will still be the title of "Saudia" in multiple and diversified services fields on the road of development, progress and welfare of the beloved country.

    The Advancement  continues:

    The above was a short profile about the life of the founder king Abdulaziz, which is full of heroic deeds , struggle, sacrifice, progress and the historical accomplishments.

    After his death, his blessed sons shouldered the responsibility after him in the advance of growth and progress and support the structure of country by the guidance of Islamic Shari`a laws, and the compliance with it as a base of rule and advisory in the society. At the era of King Saud – May Allah be Merciful to him- the progress remarks appeared and integrated within the structures of many establishments and basic departments in the country.


    At the era of King Faisal – May Allah be Merciful to him- the country continued in many achievements by implementing the first development plans, and the call of Islamic solidarity has been renewed for the support of the nation cases.

    At the era of King Khalid – May Allah be Merciful to him – the country continued in its comprehensive development steps and implemented the second development plan and a part of the third plan. The era of King Fahad – May Allah be Merciful to him- an era of prosperity and welfare and an achievement in all fields. Here is the advance of building and welfare of the country is continuing at the era of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, king Abdulla Ben Abdulaziz, - Allah support him – and the crown prince His Royal Highness Prince Sultan Ben Abdulaziz – Allah supports him and at the same road, the heroic story and the progress are continuing.

    Growth and Development
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