kingdom of Saudi arabia Ministry of Foreign Affairs Communication and Media Center Conferences and Seminars Arab And South America Summit Riyadh Declaration Riyadh Declaration Last updated: 11/12/2015 1:42 AM Page Image Custom Content PageThe 4th Summit of Arab and South American Countries issued today "Riyadh Declaration" as follows:"The leaders of the Arab and South American countries met at their 4th summit during the period of 11/12, November, 2015, at invitation of the Custodian of the two Holy Mosques King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and after reviewing what has been achieved in different cooperation fields between the two regions since the 3rd summit held in Peru on October, 2012 and "Lima Declaration".The participants agreed on the following:Introduction:1- Welcoming ongoing intensive dialogue with multilateral cooperation between both regions which allowed strengthening of cooperation as a means to promote effectively development and poverty reduction through building capacity, innovation, technical and cultural exchanges.2- Taking into account the importance of making new and systematic efforts to develop a strategic partnership between the two regions and agreeing to pursue, promote and follow-up an action plan to facilitate the process of coordination of regional visions on international issues and supporting implementation of cooperation programs in the sectoral fields.It has also approved promotion of the ongoing political dialogue aiming to coordinate and reaffirm the joint positions at all relevant fields in order to protect the interests of both regions and respect the principles of international law and the role of the United Nations in the resolution of conflicts and maintenance and promotion of international peace and security and promoting sustainable development in favor of the whole humanity. The participants confirmed once again their commitment to promotion and respect for human rights, fundamental freedoms and international humanitarian law with taking into account the importance of respect for all members to implement resolutions of the United Nations.3- Taking into account the events and current developments at the international arena and the key role played by the regional blocs and gatherings, reaffirming commitment to strengthen the Arab-South American cooperation to take advantage of the Arab-South American Countries' summits every three years in upgrading economic and social action between the two regions to a stage of building a new partnership through development of programs and policies of joint economic and social cooperation with implementation of development projects as a basic foundation to achieve the desired integration of the peoples of both regions.4- Stressing importance of social integration, promoting international solidarity and cooperation in order to achieve sustainable development and poverty eradication and strengthening governmental institutions in their countries and improving the quality of life of their inhabitants and respect for the diversity of peoples in addition to emphasizing the fundamental role played by the South - South cooperation in expanding the growth and development process in the developing countries through its contribution to national development policies through exchanging experiences, knowledge, training and transferring technology in the priority fields identified by the countries.The South - South cooperation will be supported by the international community as a complement to North and South cooperation, and never an alternative.The leaders reiterate that South - South cooperation based on the principles of respect for national sovereignty, national ownership, independence, equality, not imposing conditions, solidarity, integration, non-interference in internal affairs and mutual benefit.In this regard, the declaration calls to enhance trilateral cooperation as a means to appreciate the outcomes of cooperation of North - South and South - South, taking into account the principles of South-South cooperation - South as referred to above.5- Emphasizing the equal right of all peoples to live in a world free of nuclear weapons, which would not be achieved without the total irreversible elimination of all existing nuclear arsenals and, to this end, calling on the international community to adopt a more effective approach to implement Article VI of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons to regain its credibility, which had been eroded over the lack of implementing the disarmament related obligations stipulated in Article VI, and inviting the international community to engage in negotiations on a treaty to prevent and eliminate nuclear weapons under strict and effective international supervision and reiterating the deep concern at the catastrophic humanitarian consequences that might result from the use of such weapons.6- Emphasizing that the use of nuclear energy for peaceful purposes is an inalienable right of States Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, and that the application of this right in discriminatory or selective manner will damage the credibility of the treaty.First, political coordination and multilateral relations:1- Reaffirming the resolutions of the Brasilia Declaration (2005) and the Doha Declaration (2009) and the Declaration of Lima (2012), for the Palestinian Cause, the Arab-Israeli conflict and reaffirming the need to reach a just, lasting and comprehensive peace in the Middle East based on the principle of land-for-peace and the immediate implementation of all the relevant resolutions of the United Nations, especially the Security Council resolutions 242 of 1967, No. 338 of 1973, No. 1515 of 2003, the Madrid terms of reference, the Arab peace initiative adopted in Beirut Summit 2002, and the Arab successive summits, to ensure achieving stability, peace and security for all countries in the region. Reaffirming the need for full implementation of the road map for peace drawn up by the Quartet and calling for its undertaking a renewed and preemptive role and stressing the need for the Quartet Committee to brief the Security Council and the international community of any development of its efforts, and emphasizing the importance that the UN Security Council undertakes its responsibilities under the Charter of Nations United, and provides effective support and guidance for the peace process.Reaffirming the need for the realization of the legitimate national rights of the Palestinian people, including their right to self-determination, to ensure the establishment of an independent State of Palestine on the basis of the 1967 parallel with Eastern Al-Quds as its capital, living in peace side by side with Israel, within secure and recognized borders, and find a just and comprehensive solution to the refugee problem in accordance with United Nations General Assembly Resolution 194 (III) and the Arab peace initiative.2- calling on Israel for prompt withdrawal from all Arab territories it occupied on 5 June 1967, including the Syrian Golan Heights and the remaining Lebanese territories, dismantling all settlements, including those located in occupied Eastern Al-Quds as they are, according to the international law, illegal and illegitimate and as the occupation of the Palestinian territories is continuing and the settlement activity is on the increase, derailing peace process and undermining the two-state solution and reducing the chances of achieving permanent peace.Demanding all pertinent parties to observe the consultative opinion issued by the International Justice Tribunal dated July 9, 2004.3- Reiterating anew underscoring the importance of prompt and unconditioned release of all Palestinian and Arab prisoners of war, political arrestees who are behind the bars in Israeli jails, provide support for all efforts aiming to address this critical issue at the UN General Assembly and other pertinent bodies inside the UN organization, and demanding Israel to halt all kinds of abrupt arrest, harming, physical and psychological mal-treatment of Palestinians, including children, women and members of the Palestinian legislative chamber, which is considered a flagrant violation of the international laws and norms and international humanitarian law, including Geneva Convention.4- Denouncing the Israeli successive and unbalanced military aggression against civilians in Gaza strip which started in June 2014 and lasts for 50 days, leaving thousands of civilian victims and injured and the necessity of investigating such incidents with the most needed impartiality and holding the culprits accountable of the violations of the international law which led to demolishing of residential homes and complexes, infrastructure of the Palestinian people which could be mount to war crimes and crimes against humanity which would not be prescribed and holding Israel completely accountable for all human and material harms incurred by the Palestinian people in Gaza strip due to its practices.5- Strongly denouncing the military attacks on schools affiliated to the UNRWA which led to human losses and form flagrant violations to Geneva conventions and others.6- Praising the position of the South American countries as regards the Israeli recent attack against Gaza on the excessive use of force, leaving civilian victims, including women and children and the measures taken in this regard and welcoming the humanitarian assistance extended by South American countries to Palestinians for support for the victims and families and asserting the necessity of the provision of humanitarian assistance for the Palestinian people by the world community, including the rehabilitation of Gaza strip.7- Calling for the complete and immediate lift of the siege imposed by Israel on Gaza strip which amounts to a collective punishment for the residents of the strip in a flagrant violation of the humanitarian international law and human rights law and underscoring the importance of exerting the efforts to open all crossings controlled by Israel from and to Gaza strip and allow the entry of emergency humanitarian assistance as well as the movement of medical and relief personnel.8 - Welcoming a cease-fire reached in Cairo on the initiative submitted by the Arab Republic of Egypt, calling upon all relevant parties to create the suitable environment to continue and resume serious negotiations aiming to end a siege on Gaza in order to achieve a two-state solution in which Palestine and Israel co-exist within secure internationally recognized borders. The leaders welcomed the outcomes of the conference hosted by the Arab Republic of Egypt in October, 2014 on reconstruction of Gaza and pledges announced by donors, inviting them to meet those commitments announced during the conference.9- Appreciating the stances of the South American countries that have recognized the State of Palestine, inviting other countries to follow suit.10- Welcoming and supporting efforts of the Palestinian leadership in the United Nations and international organizations.11- Inviting the United Nations, particularly the Security Council, to adopt an international system for the protection of the unarmed Palestinian people and their property and holy places from all forms of the Israeli attacks and violations under the international humanitarian law and relevant international treaties and conventions.12- Inviting all Arab and South American countries to refrain from trade in the products of Israeli settlements inside the Palestinian territories and to avoid dealing with all companies benefiting from the Israeli occupation, inviting the member states in Al-ASBA to discourage investment in Israeli settlements through the private sector and instead working to encourage business partnerships with the State of Palestine.13- Inviting UNESCO to continue emphasizing the legal reference in accordance with its previous decisions regarding inclusion of the Old City of Al-Quds and its walls on the World Heritage List in 1981 at the request of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan with Arab and Islamic comprehensive support in accordance with the decision of the UNESCO Executive Board in September, 1981 and the decision in 1982 by which the inclusion of Al-Quds in the list of World Heritage sites at risk where the legal status of Al-Quds as occupied territory still exists. The leaders welcomed the important agreement signed by King Abdullah II bin Al-Hussein (King of the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan) and Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas (President of the State of Palestine) dated on 31/3/2013 in order to defend Al-Aqsa Mosque and Islamic, Christian and religious sites and sanctuaries in addition to protecting them legally.14- Reiterating to avoid taking any measures whether individual or otherwise affect the authenticity and integrity of the cultural, historical and religious heritage of the city of Al-Quds and Christian and Islamic places in accordance with the Convention on the protection of cultural heritage and global natural in 1972 and the Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the armed conflict in 1954, appreciating the role played by Al-Quds Committee under the chairmanship of King Mohammed VI of the Kingdom of Morocco to protect the status of Al-Quds.15- Welcoming the twinning agreement signed between Caracas, the capital of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela, and East Al-Quds, the capital of the State of Palestine, in Caracas on 20, May, 2015.Condemning terrorism in all its forms and manifestations and rejecting any link between terrorism and any religion or race or culture and reaffirming the commitment of the United Nations efforts to combat terrorism and to prevent any direct or indirect arms supply, or provide advice or technical assistance to individuals or entities involved in terrorist acts in accordance with the relevant Security-Council resolutions, and re-emphasizing the need to combat terrorism through effective and efficient international cooperation, including the United Nations and regional organizations concerned in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations, international law, including applicable human rights, refugee laws and international humanitarian law.Emphasizing the commitment to Security Council resolution No. 2170 "2014" in all its provisions, including the direct or indirect prevention of weapons supply or selling or transferring and all types of related technical advice, assistance or training related to military action to go into the hands of ISIL organization and Al-Nusra Front and other individuals and groups associated with al-Qaeda and preventing terrorists from benefiting directly or indirectly from ransom payments and political concessions in exchange for the release of hostages.Expressing full readiness to cooperate and enhance the channels of communication and coordination with the various initiatives and efforts at the national, regional and international levels to combat and eradicate terrorism, especially in the fields of exchange of information and experiences and enhancing the building of capacities and abilities by taking the necessary measures to prevent the recruitment of, especially children and youths and luring them to join terrorist organizations and invite security and judicial authorities to intensify their efforts and coordination mechanisms of action in the fight against terrorism within the framework of international legitimacy.17- Welcoming the results of the International Conference on the Fight against Extremism, which was hosted by Algeria on 22 July 23, 201518- Welcoming the results of the International Conference on Combating the Financing of Terrorism which was hosted by the Kingdom of Bahrain in November 2014, and the recommendations contained in the statement of Manama, particularly with regard to the full implementation of financial sanctions imposed on both levels of individuals and agencies under the relevant definition of Security Council resolutions . Public naming of terrorism financiers and their associates in addition to positively engaging the private sector in combating the financing of terrorism and efforts to ensure that the transfer of funds or assets and services licensed under control and liable to punishment in case of violation.19- Welcoming the Kingdom of Bahrain to soon host the conference to protect private institutions from the risk of exploitation in the financing of terrorism.20 - Recalling the United Nations General Assembly resolution 10-66, which welcomes the establishment of the International Centre for the Fight Against Terrorism and encourage all Member States to cooperate with it and praising the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia for providing $ 100 million in support of the activities of this center.21 - Welcoming the unanimous election of the Kingdom of Morocco to take over the co-presidency with the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the World Forum to Combat Terrorism.22 - Lauding the work of the African Centre for Studies and Research on Terrorism in Algiers.23 - Taking note of the recent Arab summit's decision adopting the principle of the establishment of joint Arab force to counter the threats facing the Arab national security, including threats of the terrorist organizations with fully taking into account the Charter of the United Nations and obligations under the international law, including human rights, international law for refugees and international humanitarian law.24 - Condemning strongly all terrorist acts against Iraq and committed by ISIL terrorist organization and other terrorist organizations and their involvement in the killings and forced displacement of the components of the Iraqi people and targeting them on religious or ethnic basis as well as destruction of monuments, shrines, churches, mosques and other places of worship, archaeological sites and cultural heritage sites, including destruction of Mosul Museum and monuments in the historic urban site, welcoming the United Nations General Assembly resolution A-RES-69-281 entitled protection of cultural heritage in Iraq. The participants also welcomed the efforts made by the Iraqi forces in the fight against terrorist groups and rejection of all forms of foreign interference in Iraq with emphasis on the condemnation of all practices that would threaten the territorial safety of Iraq and its social concord in addition to supporting the Iraqi government's efforts to achieve national unity among the Iraqi people.25 - Reaffirming their commitment to the sovereignty and independence of Syria and its unity and territorial integrity and commitment to reaching a political solution to the crisis in accordance with the principles of the Geneva Declaration 1 on 30, June, 2012.Welcoming efforts of Mr. Staffan de Mistura, Special Envoy of the United Nations in Syria, and supporting his mission to push resumption of negotiations aiming at reaching a political solution to the Syrian crisis in accordance with the Geneva Declaration 1 on30/6/2012.Welcoming the outcomes of the Vienna International Conference of Foreign Ministers to reach a political solution to the Syrian crisis reflecting the seriousness of the international move and insist on finding a solution to put an end to the suffering of the Syrian people in order to emphasize the provisions of the Security Council Resolution 2209 in 2015 which condemned the use of chemical materials in Syria and stressed the need that all conflicting parties should refrain from using, developing, producing or transferring chemical weapons in addition to establishment of a joint fact-finding mechanism to identify and to hold accountable those responsible for the use of those weapons.Welcoming accession of Syria to the Chemical Weapons Convention and dismantling of all declared chemical weapons on its territory with emphasis on that these developments must be matched by parallel efforts in other fields.Appreciating the distinctive work of the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) to eliminate chemical weapons at the same time strengthening multiplicity as a main way of the peaceful settlement of international disputes as well as recognition of the essential role played by the joint mission of the United Nations and the Organization for Prohibition of Chemical Weapons in dismantling of the Syrian chemical weapons and welcoming this important model of the scientific cooperation program between the states and international organizations to achieve disarmament.Recalling the provisions of Security Council Resolutions 2139 - 2165 - 2191 in 2014, expressing serious concern about the deteriorating humanitarian situation in Syria and high numbers of displaced persons and refugees to more than 12 million inside Syria and in neighboring countries in addition to the more than 4.5 million who need urgent humanitarian assistance in the besieged areas, which are difficult to access to them, with taking into consideration of the principles of humanitarian assistance.Recalling that all parties in the Syrian conflict must allow immediate access of the humanitarian assistance for the people in Syria in accordance with Security Council resolution No. 2165 in 2014 and calling for the support of neighboring countries to assist them and alleviate the humanitarian situation of the displaced Syrians, in this regard to recall a statement of the President of the Security Council no. S-PRST-2015-10 issued on 24/4/2015.Expressing their appreciation of important and impressive efforts made by the Arab, South American and European countries to accommodate Syrian refugees and noting with great concern that the crisis, in Syria has had a social, demographic and economic impacts on the neighboring states and other host countries, especially Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq and Egypt, which exceeded its limited resources and basic social services such as health, water and sanitation and the capacity of housing, energy, education and exacerbated unemployment, in addition to the dwindling economy, investment and the impact on security, stressing the importance of funding for humanitarian and development, in response to the refugee crisis and providing support for national plans to meet the humanitarian needs of refugees and strengthen the ability of the host countries and communities.Welcoming the patronage of His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al Sabah, Amir of Kuwait, of the first International Conference, the second and the third of the donors, in order to alleviate the suffering of the Syrian people, which was held in 2013 - 2014 and 2015 in Kuwait.26 - Reaffirming the national unity, sovereignty, independence and integrity of Lebanese territory and calling on Israel for the immediate implementation of Resolution 1701, in its entirety, without conditions and put an end to stop violations of Lebanese sovereignty by land, air and sea and support the Lebanese government's efforts to defend Lebanon against all threats to its security and for understanding its government towards developments, in the Arab region and especially its self-distancing policy towards the crisis in Syria.27 - Supporting Libyan government institutions recognized by the United Nations and its efforts in the security and military field to confront the terrorist organizations, re-emphasizing the commitment to the unity, sovereignty and integrity of Libyan territory, in accordance with the principle of non-interference in its internal affairs and to express deep concern at the extended work of terrorist groups, in the country and reiterated support for the existing political dialogue, under the auspices of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General of the United Nations to Libya and welcoming the agreement of Skhirat on a political solution to the crisis, in Libya, which was initiated by the majority of the Libyan parties, last July appreciated the efforts of the Kingdom of Morocco to facilitate this agreement and to invite all Libyan parties to redouble their efforts to climb differences and continue to adhere to discuss forming a government of national consensus.28 - Noting the efforts made by the Arab neighbors of Libya: the states of Algeria, Tunisia, Sudan, Egypt to facilitate Libyan dialogue.29 - Calling the Islamic Republic of Iran for a positive response to the initiative of the United Arab Emirates to reach a peaceful solution to the issue of the three islands (Greater Tunb, Lesser Tunb and Abu Musa) through direct dialogue and negotiations, in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations and the principles of international law.30 - Expressing their rejection of any interference in their internal affairs by external forces, in violation of the Charter of the United Nations and the principle of good neighborliness.31 - Welcoming the comprehensive national dialogue initiative launched by the Sudanese government, on 10th of October 2015, in Sudan with the support of the Commission of the African Executive Union high-level AUHIP and the Arab League to promote this dialogue and to encourage groups and political parties to get involved, in order to reach a lasting and comprehensive solution to all of Sudan's current national issues, invite the international community and international financial institutions to support Sudan in its efforts to limit the effects of the secession of southern Sudan, by facilitating debt burdens and lift economic sanctions, unilaterally imposed on Sudan.32 - Reaffirming their commitment to the unity, sovereignty and independence and territorial integrity of the Republic of Yemen, as well as the aspirations of the Yemeni people for freedom, democracy and social justice, development and obstructions to access to essential goods and services and emphasize their support for the legitimacy of the President of the Republic of Yemen Abdu Rabbo Mansur Hadi efforts to protect various parties of the state, its institutions, properties and infrastructure.Emphasizing the vital role that a peaceful negotiated solution might play to solve the crisis in Yemen and rest the country on a political and security stability in the Middle East and the Horn of Africa.Re-emphasizing the importance of resuming the political process between all parties involved in the Yemeni political scene in order to draft a new constitution and implement electoral reforms and hold a referendum on the draft constitution and general elections and initiatives that might be effective to avoid further deterioration of the humanitarian and security situation in Yemen.Calling on the international community to provide political, security and economic and material support necessary to enable Yemen to face challenges, especially humanitarian, and meet the urgent needs of development to ensure the stability of the situation and resume the completion stage of democratic transition agreements.Emphasizing the need for the full implementation of Security Council resolution No. 2216/2015 / and demand all legitimate parties in Yemen to respect the resolutions adopted by the comprehensive national dialogue conference on the initiative of the Gulf Cooperation Council and all relevant Security Council resolutions.Welcoming the announcement by the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques, King Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, King of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia to donate the amount of $ 274 million for humanitarian relief in Yemen, as well as generous initiative to establish King Salman Center for Humanitarian Relief and Charity Work and the allocation of $ 266 additional million to fund the urgent needs of this center and to emphasize the importance of and the need to take all urgent measures to address the is difficult and dangerous humanitarian situation facing Yemen.Supporting the efforts being exerted by the Special Envoy of the Secretary-General of the United Nations to Yemen, Mr. Ismail Ould Cheikh Ahmed's, to reach a political solution to the Yemeni crisis.33 - Supporting the Somali government efforts as regards the implementation of Vision 2016 and recognizing the importance of the establishment of the Somali state institutions and stability in the areas that have been recovered from the terrorist group of Al-Shabab and the urgent need to secure the supply and the arrival of humanitarian aid to the new liberated areas.Emphasizing the importance of responding to urgent humanitarian needs and investment in human resources building, enhancing long-term solutions in the context of the priorities of the federal government, thanking the African Union and the Arab League on the permanent commitment to Somalia and paying tribute to the sacrifice and courage of the Somali National Army "SNA", " The forces of the African Union Mission in Somalia (smaisom).Emphasizing the importance of implementing the government action "Vision 2016" and the achievement of tangible political progress with a view to adopt the constitution in 2015 and general elections in 2016 framework.Emphasizing that political progress must continue as part of a comprehensive approach to peace-building in Somalia, and that the protection and promotion of human rights and the protection of the most vulnerable groups, including women and children affected by armed conflict, must be at the center of our priorities.Re-emphasizing the importance of enhancing consultation and cooperation between the representatives and envoys of the United Nations and the Arab League countries in the political, security, humanitarian and reconstruction fields.34 - Calling on Argentina, the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland to resume negotiations in order to reach as soon as possible a peaceful final solution to the sovereignty dispute referred to as an "Issue of the Malvinas Islands," according to the relevant resolutions of the United Nations, and re-emphasizing that the claim that the islands " Malvinas Islands", South Georgia "and" South Sandwich Islands " are countries and enclaves applicable to Part IV of the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union, and the decisions of the European Union on the Overseas League, does not comply with the fact that there is a dispute over the sovereignty of the islands and also acknowledging that unilateral activities to explore non-renewable natural resources that are currently carried out in the Argentine continental shelf on the "Malvinas" Islands fall in conflict with the provisions of the United Nations General Assembly Resolution 49 and 31.In this regard, recognizing no right of any party to do business of exploration for unauthorized hydrocarbons, or drilling exploration activities on the continental shelf, and calling on the Government of the United Kingdom and Northern Ireland to refrain from any military exercises on a land that is subject to dispute on a United Nations-recognized sovereign state.35 - In this regard, recalling that 16 December 2015 coincides the 50th anniversary of the adoption by the General Assembly of the United Nations of resolution No. 2056 (XX), the first to refer to the issue of "Malvinas Islands" and refurbished by subsequent resolutions adopted by the General Assembly and its Special Decolonization Committee so far, and expressing deep concern on the fact that, despite the time that has passed since the adoption of General Assembly Resolution 2056 (XX), this long-standing dispute has not been resolved . The leaders and the heads of states and governments join other regional forums, demanding the Secretary-General to renew his efforts during his current term of office to use good offices entrusted to him by the General Assembly through the successive decisions to ensure the resumption of bilateral negotiations as soon as possible and find a peaceful resolution of the dispute referred to above.36 - Expressing disappointment and regret at the failure of the ninth conference on reviewing the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty to reach a consensus on the final substantive document despite the efforts of Algeria, the president of the ninth session of the Conference assigned to revise the NPT.Re-emphasizing the importance of implementing the resolution on making the Middle East a zone free of nuclear weapons and weapons of mass destruction, which was adopted at the Conference of the Parties to extend the review of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty of 2015 and recall that this decision is an essential part of the bunch to extend the agreement and will remain effective until its full implementation.Re-emphasizing that the security and stability in the Middle East require that the area be completely free of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction, and, in this context, supporting the outcome of the eighth review of the NPT Conference (New York / May 2010), which recalled the outcomes of the Review Conference in 2000, citing the importance of Israel's accession to the treaty and putting all its nuclear facilities under the comprehensive safeguards system of the International Atomic Energy Agency.37 - Welcoming the initiative of His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain to establish the Arab Court of Human Rights, which comes in response to the aspirations of the Arab peoples and the affirmation of the principle of rule of law, which was approved in Doha 2013 summit, and the approval of the Arab League Council, at the summit held, in Kuwait, in March, 2014 of the Statute of the Court, and also emphasizing the establishment of cooperation in the exchange of experiences and expertise between the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and the Court of Arab human rights.38 - Expressing their rejection of any unilateral steps against the principles of sovereignty and non-interference in internal affairs, and in this regard encouraging ongoing dialogue between the Government of the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela and the Government of the United States, with respect to the Executive Order of the Government of the United States of America.39 - Expressing appreciation of the positive steps that have been made, in Tunisia, for its democratic transition through the adoption of a new constitution and the organization of legislative and presidential elections, within the framework of national consensus and for the efforts in securing the transition within the framework of national consensus and to emphasize the need to support Tunisia, in this important stage, in history.40 - Welcoming the granting of His Highness Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al Sabah, Amir of Kuwait, the title of commander of humanitarian action and to pay tribute to the nomination of Kuwait as a global humanitarian center, by the United Nations.41 - Welcoming the granting of Organization of Coexistence among Religions and civilizations Award to His Majesty King Hamad bin Isa Al Khalifa of Bahrain, in recognition of the contributions of the King and his role in promoting meaningful dialogue between different religions, cultures and mutual respect among all peoples and communities, building trust and understanding and the rejection of hatred, and expressing appreciation of the Kingdom of Bahrain for hosting the Conference of the dialogue among civilizations and cultures, from May 5 to 7, 2014 and welcomed its results, included in "Bahrain Declaration".42 - Welcoming the taking over of Venezuela of the presidency of the Non-Aligned Movement in the 2015, and supporting an invitation to Member States and observers to attend the 14th summit of the Non-Aligned Movement and welcoming the results of the meeting of the Non-Aligned Movement, which was hosted by Algeria on 28 - 05/29/2014.43 - Welcoming the constructive presidency for Group 77 and China by the multinational Republic of Bolivia and its success in the commemorative summit of the leaders of the governments and the Group of 77 and China, held in Santa Cruz de la Sierra - Bolivia, on 14 - 06.15.2014 on the occasion of the fiftieth anniversary of the founding of the Group of 77.44 - Paying tribute to the fundamental, positive and effective role played by Algeria through dialogue during rounds of the dialogue hosted by the Mali's Parties, which conduced to the signature of the parties in the Republic of Mali of the peace and reconciliation agreement in Bamako on 05/15/2015.45 - Noting the efforts made by the Islamic Republic of Mauritania in terms of security and peace in the Republic of Mali, within international mediation.46 - Noting that the sovereign debt management has always been a topic of paramount importance to developing countries, in the past decades and recent years and that the sovereign debt crisis is a frequent problem with serious political, economic and social results of a negative impact on sustainable development.Noticing that the sovereign debt restructuring process is a frequent phenomenon of the global financial system, and that the acts of long overdue debt funds in the international courts revealed their highly speculative nature which imposes risks on all future restructuring operations. Noticing also that the delayed debt funds activities have a negative impact directly on the ability of governments in achieving their commitment to human rights as affirmed by Human Rights Council Resolution 30/27.Emphasizing the importance of not allowing the funds of bad debt to disrupt the developing countries' efforts to restructure their debts and emphasizing that their work must not replace the State's right to protect its people under international law, and emphasizing the sovereign right of any state in restructuring its sovereign debt, which must not to be frustrated or disabled by any action issued by another state.Reaffirming the full and comprehensive political support granted by Arab countries and South American countries through the United Nations General Assembly Resolution No. 319/69 for the adoption of the basic principles of the process of sovereign debt restructuring, which aims, among other things, at to increase the efficiency, stability and predictability of the global financial system and to achieve sustainable development and comprehensive, just and continuous economic growth of in line with local conditions and priorities, and demand all countries to support and promote these key goals.47 - Approving to strengthening political and technological dialogue and cooperation and joint actions whenever possible, between ASPA States to combat the world drug problem through an integrated approach to abide by the principles of common and shared responsibility, and respect for international law.48 - Praising the efforts of Peru to prepare for the annual meetings of 2018 of the Council of Governors of the World Bank Group and the International Monetary Fund, which was held in Lima during the period of 2-10/12/2015.49 - Paying tribute to the success of the conference of 20 of the States Parties to the Framework Convention of the United Nations on Climate UNFCC held in Lima, Peru, where the Parties have achieved substantial progress towards the adoption of a protocol, change another legal instrument or an agreed outcome with legal force under the Convention and in accordance with its principles and provisions, including CBDR which would strengthen the system of multilateral rules. In this regard, congratulations go to the Government of Peru for the successful management of the meeting.50 - Welcoming the progress made in the peace process in Colombia and encouraging the Colombian Government to exert its maximum efforts to conclude these negotiations as soon as possible and expressing readiness to provide assistance to support the implementation of a comprehensive peace agreement.51- Paying tribute to the ongoing work of the South American Council of Defense UNASUR to unite South America as a zone of peace, and the stability of democracy and the development of integrated to their people, and contribute to world peace, and the inclusion of national characteristics and sub regional that strengthen the unity between Latin America and the Caribbean and finding consensus to strengthen regional cooperation in the field of Defense.52 - Paying tribute to the role of King Abdullah bin Abdulaziz Al Saud, the Global Center for Dialogue Among Followers of Religions and Cultures in Vienna on 11/26/2012 and call upon all states to cooperate with this center.Cooperation in sectoral areas:1 - emphasizing the importance of implementation of the joint work attached plans in sectoral areas as well as the importance of activating the work assigned to it by the joint sectoral committees to translate the outcome of the sectoral ministerial meetings regarding joint projects and cooperation programs.2 - Welcoming the results of the sectoral meetings in the areas of education, health, women's leaders, which was held in Peru in 2013 and 2014, as well as meetings in the domains of energy, intellectual property, and diplomatic institutions in 2013, in the United Arab Emirates, Brazil and Colombia, respectively, and the Ministerial Meeting on Culture, which was held in Saudi Arabia, in 2014 in the framework of Lima, where those meetings have contributed to the development of important initiatives for the current cooperation.3 - Calling for establishing specific goals for regional bilateral cooperation in high-priority areas such as health, education, poverty reduction, environment, climate change, energy and water resource management, food security and unemployment, in order to strengthen cooperation to promote sustainable development and to establish a mechanism and projects that will contribute effectively to the achievement of those goals.4 - Reiterating that the energy must become an axis of bilateral and regional relations in the coming years, especially the production of energy and improving the efficiency of consumption issues, and the development of the use of renewable and clean energies, as well as the development of other strategies for dealing with climate change, taking into account the importance of energy in the sustainable development for the members.5 - Calling for strengthening coordination and scientific cooperation, specifically in the areas of information society, adapting, and mitigating the effects of climate change, combating desertification, water management and agriculture resources.6 - Welcoming the Republic of Sudan host of the first meeting of the Sub-Committee for agricultural cooperation in the Arab countries and South American countries in February 2016, and urge all countries to participate actively to ensure the success of the meeting.7 - Reiterating that investment is one of the economic and social development poles and represents an important mechanism to actively contribute to the reduction of poverty and inequality and to support public and private efforts to promote investments, in different areas, at the national and regional levels to facilitate job creation, increased scientific knowledge, education and promotion of sustainable development.8 - Re-emphasizing the support for 2030 Agenda for sustainable development and urged the countries of the two regions to intensify their cooperation for the implementation of sustainable development goals, established in the agenda and call on the international community to honor its commitments, in this regard.9 - Welcoming the Kingdom of Bahrain to host the Ministerial Conference on the implementation of the development goals in the Arab countries on 6 - 07/12/2015 as the first regional conference held in the world after the adoption of sustainable development plan.10 - Welcoming the results of the development of the Arab Economic and Social Summit held, in Riyadh in 2013.11 - Calling for the adoption of additional measures to facilitate and intensify technology transfer, and the flow of private investment in food and agro-industrial areas and trade, energy, innovation, infrastructure, tourism and the manufacturing sector and information technology.12 - Re-affirming the work carried out by South Arabian Library, the Centre for Studies Bibliaspa, Arab-South American library in Algeria and the Institute for Research on South American countries, in Morocco, and inviting the Arab states and South American countries to contribute to the support of these initiatives, in order to ensure sustaining their support.13 - Getting satisfied with the positive results of the 4th forum for Arab businessmen, Koreans and Americans, held in Riyadh, on the sidelines of the 4th Summit of Arab and South American countries, in order to promote economic cooperation between the two regions.14 - Getting satisfied with the results of a study of marine links between the Arab and American southern regions prepared by the League of Arab States, and inviting the Arab states and South American countries to encourage the public and private sectors' investment in this area of cooperation, and to pursue this matter by the regional coordinators.15 - Inviting American countries to exchange experiences in various fields of tourism and architectural heritage and organizing tourism trips and events and archeology and the establishment of tourist information weeks.16 - Welcoming the marked increase in world trade and investment between the countries of the two regions, since the first, second and third Arab-South American summit, stressing that there are opportunities which have not been discovered yet, which would allow an increase in the growth and diversification of trade and investment between the two regions.17 - Welcoming the signing of the framework agreement for trade and economic cooperation between the Mercosur and the Tunisian Republic and the Memorandum of Understanding in the field of trade and economic cooperation between the Mercosur and the Lebanese Republic and recalled that Mercosur has signed free trade agreements with the Arab Republic of Egypt and the State of Palestine, as well as a framework agreement with the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the Gulf Cooperation Council and the Kingdom of Morocco, Syria and the emphasis on their desire to strengthen trade relations and economic cooperation between the Arab countries and South American countries.18 - Paying tribute to the progress made in the field of cultural cooperation between the Arab countries and South American countries, and emphasizing the importance of implementing what has been agreed upon, in the joint meetings of the Ministers of Culture held in Algeria in 2006, Brazil in 2009, Saudi Arabia in 2014, and to take practical steps for the implementation of cultural events and activities to ensure more space for interaction between the peoples of the two regions and promote cultural cooperation and cultural diversity.19 - Re-affirming the positive role of the South American countries citizens of Arab descent in the transfer of knowledge and culture of their home countries, and build bridges of communication between the two regions and recalling that the transfer of the culture of the Arab region to their new homes, has created a hybrid of both cultures, and a distinctive cultural mix.20 - Welcoming the establishment of the Arab League missions abroad to celebrate the "Day of the Arab Expatriate" on the 4th of December of each year, as well as the valuation of the initiatives of the South American countries to celebrate Afro citizens of Arab origin, and in particular Brazil celebrating the "National Day of the Arab community "on March 25 of each year, to encourage the establishment of cultural events to follow the same approach.Follow-up mechanisms, structure of the Arab-South American Summit:Development of the organizational structure of the Arab States and South American countries summit, provided for in item No. 119 of the Doha Declaration in 2009, issued by the second summit in order to make it more dynamic and in the following manner:(a) - (top-level) Summit of Heads of State and Government to meet every three years.B - (Level II) Council of Foreign Ministers to meet every two years.C - (level III) Senior officials' council in foreign ministries to be formed of national coordinators (national focal points) and to meet every year.D - (IV - 1 level -) Sectoral committees of experts in all fields (sectoral focal points) to meet, at lease, twice a year, activating the work of the joint sectoral committees as follows: - the presidency of the host state of the last ministerial sectoral meeting in the field of cooperation.The presidency of the committee to send invitations locate and date the meetings, the agenda and program of work, in collaboration with the General Secretariat (Coordinator of Arab States), Brazil (coordinator of the South American countries).(Level V - 2) Executive Coordination Group, formed by the presidency of the Arab summit and the General Secretariat of the Arab League as representatives of the Arab states, and the presidency of the Federation of South American States and Brazil (Brazil will join temporarily to this committee till the restructuring of the General Secretariat of the Union of South American countries) as representatives of South American countries, in addition to the troika of Arab-South American Summit (host of the previous summit State, the host country of the current summit and the host of the next summit state) and to have powers which allow them to do the following:1. Monitor the implementation of the outcomes of the Arab-South American summits and sectoral meetings.2 - To propose new initiatives to strengthen relations between the two regions.3 - To meet before senior officials meetings to coordinate positions between the two groups on the agenda and other related topics.4 - Hold meetings on the sidelines of international meetings to consult on issues of common interest.5. Hold meetings to consult on the level of senior officials at the ministerial level or if necessary on the sidelines of the General Assembly of the United Nations.Welcoming the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela offer to host the fifth summit of Arab and South American countries in 2018.Expressing deep appreciation and gratitude of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia's leadership, government and people for the warm reception, generous hospitality, good organization and preparation for the work of this summit.