Summit aims to political coordination between the Arab countries and South American countries, and also a mechanism to discuss ways of cooperation in the fields of economy, culture, science and technology, tourism and others related,  which in turn will be a way to achieve lasting development in those countries and contribute to world peace fields.
The first summit was held in Brasilia, Brazil during the month of May 2005 and the second summit was held in Doha in Qatar during the month of March 2009, the third summit in Lima in Peru, held during the month of October 2012 m.
And hosts Saudi Arabia, the fourth Summit of Arab and South American countries on Tuesday and Wednesday 28-29 Muharram 1437 H, corresponding to 10-11 November 2015 in Riyadh.​